Zefirantes - The plant, originating from Central and South America, has an average height, loves light, is not afraid of direct sunlight and blooms annually. The optimum temperature during active growth is 18-250 ° C, and during rest time the low temperature is more favorable - 10-120 ° C. During growth requires regular watering, which is reduced in the dormant period. Watering marshmallows should be careful to avoid rotting the bulbs. There are no special requirements for air humidity.
Many lovers grow a plant zephyranthes without even knowing exactly what it is. And although it is sometimes on sale under the name "water lily", it does not apply to lilies. This is a representative of this. Amaryllisovy, a relative of our hippeastrum. It has small, elongated at the top of the bulb. Of the 70 species that are common in the warm regions of the western hemisphere, you can occasionally find large-flowered zephyranthes in culture, but more often these are hybrids that are marketed under the names pink (Z. rosea), pink habraitis or powerful habraptus. How to distinguish marshmallows from habrantus, described.
Growing in moderately heated ventilated areas zephyranthes presents no difficulty. They produce many daughter bulbs. Pink flowers appear only on sufficiently lit places. Only elongated linear leaves are formed in shading, they are not very decorative. It is already leaves at the h. white (Z. Candida), a strong species with beautiful flowering, in English gardens it grows in open ground.
Shine: bright place.
Temperature: room temperature; in winter, about 10 ° C is sufficient.
Substrate: ordinary ready-made substrates, to which add a little sand. No. 6 can be used with 1/5 sand or ceramis; pH about 6.
Humidity: during growth keep constant humidity, but avoid stagnant water. In winter, they water only occasionally, but sometimes they use another method - they contain bulbs very dry, with a full rest period. Then the danger of rotting of the bulbs in winter is eliminated. From February they begin to water, very carefully at first. 3. White occasionally watered even in winter, so that leaves remain on the plants.
Fertilizer: From spring to autumn after 1 - 2 weeks, water the flower fertilizer.
Transfer: annually at the end of the dormant period. The bulbs are planted in the ground so that only their tops can be seen from it.
Reproduction: during transplantation, numerous daughter bulbs are separated.
Care marshmallows and the more reproduction is not difficult and very similar to the cultivation of gippeastrum.
Zefirantes loves the bright sun and in the summer it is better to plant it in open ground. By the end of the season, a large bulb is formed, which will bloom profusely next year. Not without reason in the subtropical parks zephyranthes are planted as a ground cover plant instead of a lawn. Low dense foliage, high reproduction rate allows it to quickly capture and maintain space well.
Bulbs "upstart" small, oblong, from 1 to 3 cm in length, grow in close nests. They should be planted in several pieces in wide and low pots or deep bowls, digging them into the ground to the very top. In long bulbs, the neck is left on the surface. Prefers a fertile loose substrate of equal amounts of humus, sod land and sand. You can add phosphate fertilizers. Care should be taken of good drainage, since zephyranthes do not like flooding.
Summer marshmallow need abundant watering, it is better to water from the pallet, in this case, there is no compaction and leaching of soil in the upper part of the pot, where shoots are expected. In winter, the plant "zephyranthes" can not drop the leaves, but watering should be reduced and put the pot in a bright, cool place. The temperature is desirable to lower to 8 - 14 degrees. When growing marshmallows you need to pay attention to the moisture of the soil and to prevent it from drying out, as well as waterlogging.
Fertilizers are best given only mineral and regularly fed in the season of active growth. After the appearance and disclosure of the first bud, top dressing should be stopped and resumed only after the last flower wilts. Some sources, on the contrary, believe that it is necessary to feed during the flowering period (perhaps they are right).
With vegetative reproduction in zephyranthes usually no problem. He gives abundantly bulbs, kids, who quickly fill the entire pot. Plant Zefirantes is propagated during transplants, before the dormant period or during it. It is necessary to separate the children and plant them in a well-fertilized substrate, provide light and the next season young bulbs will bloom.
Breeding zephyranthes seeds is possible, but it is rarely resorted to. Sowing seeds should be carried out as soon as possible after they ripen, as they quickly lose their germination. After a long storage of seeds, the result of sowing may not be very good. In order to get seeds, artificial pollination is necessary, and they ripen within 2 months after it.
When sowing seeds, the soil substrate is needed the same as when planting bulbs. You can add some more peat. The soil is moistened and smoothed. Seeds are sown with an interval of 2-3 cm. The pot is covered with a film, put in a shaded place and kept at a temperature not lower than 22 ° C. Care must be taken to keep the soil moist all the time. Shoots appear at 3-4 weeks. Seedlings will bloom only in the third year after sowing.